Indonesia: 10 million still dependent on forest for livelihood but fall through the cracks of existing legal framework

About 70 per cent of rural inhabitants in Indonesia still depend on the forests. The Ministry of Environment and Forestry estimates that some 35,000 villages and 10 million people, assessed as poor, have no legal rights to resources from the forest.

Siti Nurbaya, Minister for Environment and Forestry, said forest management permits are often oriented to the timber private sector.

Although 42 million ha. of state forest are subject to management permits, only four per cent of these are for community utilisation.

The Ministry has established a social forestry programme through which permits are granted directly to communities. It would be one of the Presidents priorities.